Friday, October 24, 2014

Adding zeros

I inverted my Lucas polynomials to see the zeros.  This is mainly me still getting handy with Maxima plots, so nothing much to reveal.

Where am I going?
My Hamitonian is simple, the electron should make one step along the axis that makes the atom sphere surface a bit more spherical. Deformities in the electron surface should match deformities in the atom surface. I have a hard time imagining 'digits' in my system doing anything more intelligent.

Eventually, the accumulated error in Pi would guide the electron along is designated orbit, and as near as I can tell, that error is the accumulated value of d/dn( tanh(n*ln(Phi))), (using the Lucas numbers). Seriously, we are talking about bubbles. What else would the bubbles of the universe do?
 Here for example.  A smooth vacuum caused these orbital coefficients to follow a Pascal like pyramid? And those rings around 4f, likely the fourth order Lucas polynomial is roaming those rings, adding a bit of accuracy.  This is obviously a distributed mechanism that is refining the fractional ratio digits of Pi as more energy is added.

Lucas spaces

Lucas polynomials without the zeros.

Mainly I am still learning 3d plotting in Maxima, a year late.  But getting closer. Eventually this is going to be an orbital shell.

How did the physicists do this before the PC and the algebra machines?
The idea is that the bubbles of the universe just compute Pi.  All the atomic orbitals, even the higher energy orbitals, just divide up into subsets of Lucas recursions and compute, in total, the value of Pi so the surface of the atom is spherical. Then they aggregate the powers up and do it again, and again, until they get stars and quasars.

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Me and my Maxima plotter

Step one, make a plot.  I have to relearn plotting everytime unless I do it continually.

Step Two, I have to make the plot of the Lucas polynomial, as a power series, along a radial from the atom center, in cylindrical coordinates.  That gets us nice orbital looking things.  I am slow at this.

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Brownian Motion

The first part of Einstein's argument was to determine how far a Brownian particle travels in a given time interval.[citation needed] Classical mechanics is unable to determine this distance because of the enormous number of bombardments a Brownian particle will undergo, roughly of the order of 1021 collisions per second.[6] Thus Einstein was led to consider the collective motion of Brownian particles.[citation needed] He showed that if ρ(x, t) is the density of Brownian particles at point x at time t, then ρ satisfies the diffusion equation:

\frac{\partial\rho}{\partial t}=D\frac{\partial^2\rho}{\partial x^2},
where D is the mass diffusivity.
Assuming that N particles start from the origin at the initial time t=0, the diffusion equation has the solution

\rho(x,t)=\frac{\N}{\sqrt{4\pi Dt}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{4Dt}}.

This one is going to be fun.  What did Einstein tell us? He identified some approximations in the relative movement of two, mixed chemical solutions.  These approximations let us use Isaac's Rules of grammar.

Can we define how the actual molecules do it without  Isaac's rules? Can we eliminate the Greek symbols and dump the t thing? We sure can.  I am working on it, but likely I will only get us part way through as I am a hack.  This is a work in progress, I am going to dump the e thing and make finite log, replace the t thing with the fine structure spectrum, and let the pi thing fall out as a result of local action by the bubbles of the universe.

I think we will find molecules at the markets, and they keep marching further into the market where trades expand mostly as the square of the market 'quant' and they rarely have to wait in line. I am going to do it with the Frank Lucas rules of grammar.

 This guy, smart dude but a little overweight. He doesn't  look like a mad scientist.
It was not until 1918 that a proof (using hyperelliptic functions) was found for this remarkable fact, which has relevance to the bosonic string theory in 26 dimensions.[1] Elementary proofs have been more recently published.[2][3]

Uh Oh, he only does 2D boson's. How are we going to fix that?Hopefully Andrey Markov had some ideas. Do geodesic integers exist? Bubbles make spheres easily enough but they need to connect them. Or we can make unit ellipsoids using Mr. Markov's triples. Where are the brilliant mathematicians who work this out? Let me go look for them and save myself time and effort. 

How accurate does Phi measure pi?

In this previous post I noticed that the Phi sequence, incorporated into Lucas numbers can compute Pi as a hyperbolic powers series of Tanh squared. It looks like the rational fraction is 223/71, an error of 7e-4,  as taken from this set of rational approximations from John Heidemann. That made me think, how does the Sun do better? NASA measured it and got that 2Pi*r for the Sun was 8e-6. The Sun did almost 100 times better than Mr. Lucas and his Phi. Well, NASA removed magnetic variations over time under the assumption that magnetism and gravity are unrelated.  Do they have a Theory of Everything that allows them to do that?

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

These mathematician folks

Copied from Wolfram cyclotomic polynomials.  Who are they? These guys are rewriting science as we know it, they are brilliant.  I am a hack, an amateur.  I know what is happening, but I can only occassionaly work around the edges.

What is happening is these polynomials have an associated recursive integer set.  The polynomials will be mapped to standard physics, and integerized on the unit circle. Much like Schrodinger, except the result will be a proton that is stable with only local knowledge anywhere, the finite element version of quantum physics.  Its happening, I wish I were smarter.

The physicists get it, Weinberg, Higgs, all of them are in on the game.  These are exciting times.

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Diederichsen, F.-E. "Über die Ausreduktion ganzzahliger Gruppendarstellungen bei arithmetischer Äquivalenz." Abh. Math. Sem. Hanisches Univ. 13, 357-412, 1940.
Lam, T. Y. and Leung, K. H. "On the Cyclotomic Polynomial Phi_(pq)(X)." Amer. Math. Monthly 103, 562-564, 1996.
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Computing a bit of Pi with the Lucas sequence

Here I have the sums of (1-tanh(n*a))^2, where a is log(phi) and n is the X axis.  So this is really the sums of Tanh', the first derivative.  Since the Lucas polynomials are Cyclotomic, they have roots on the unit circle.  These sums might approach the value Pi/2. They do, and get closest at the Lucas prime 29. After that, the sums stay close to Pi/2.

Here are the sums from my spread sheet:

Should we care? I am not sure. Whatever the starting angle, the series sums converge to some number since Tanh goes to 1.0.  So I have to show that somehow the series sums from ln(phi) converge to a specific value of pi. But Professor Lucas may have already figured that out. I am not surprised that it might, I just want to know if this is a relatively unique series from the hyperbolic angles made of phi.

The sinh and cosh still obey this:
\cosh^2 x - \sinh^2 x = 1\,
 So any derivation of Pi from Pythagorean can be derived from this. The Taylor series of Tanh is limited to Pi/2 because this is a triangle.  Why Phi work likely goes back to Lagrange.

But leave that to later.  I am more interested in the differential:
sum(tanh'(n*a)) = pi/2. The residual error on that series is (tanh')^n when the series has n-1 terms. N is about 7.  That is a large power. It mean that light ultimately has 7 degrees of freedom, or there abouts. That also implies a big charge of six, I think, in the gluons. But I had estimated about 4, so dunno?

But this point conforms with what the physicists are doing with the natural units, they are making pi and output, not a constant. It seems all those tiny constituents of the vacuum seem concerned about getting an accurate value for pi. It is back to sphere packing I presume.

One and a half seems interesting

Let x = 2/3
Then x+x^2+x^3+... = 2
The Maclaurin series for (1 − x)−1 is the geometric series

And we can see that in the limit we 2 as I have removed the first term, 1. If we add more samplers, each new sampler being 2/3 slower than the previous we still approach the Shannon-Nyquist limit of sampling at twice the arrival rate.  (I use queuing terminology instead of bandwidth).  Anyway, adding more and slow samplers we can always add enough to prevent any sampler from queuing up. It would be inefficient, but I would think this effect would show up in proofs on sampling theory.

How does the spacing between arrivals look? For each slower sample it goes as the inverse, 3/2.  Now it gets interesting. Consider packing a sphere but we allow volume spaces for the density to adjust continually. So we  make room for (3/2)^n, n=1...Max spaces inside the sphere, approaching the Shannon sampling rate. How many samplers can we put in the sphere at a maximum before we reach the sphere volume:
Here I have it.  The blue line is accumulated empty space taken in powers of 3/2. The red line is sphere volume, the X axis is radius in integer increments.  We run out of room for empty spaces at about 17.1, which is one and a half short of the ratio of the proton to electron mass: 3/2^(18.53) =1836.I guess the volume of the proton is 3/2 times the number of empty spaces allowing room for the things in motion.

This shows up on my spectral chart. This is also what makes the atom seem to be an 17 bit computer.

Monday, October 20, 2014

Lucas numbers make a hyperbolic sequence

I should have noticed.

Every odd Lucas number is a sinh, and every even is a cosh up, counting  a delta hyperbolic angle of   ln(Phi) = 0.481211825. The angles are integer log base Phi. That brings up interesting properties, sinh(k) + cosh(k+d) = sinh(k+2d). And sum of angle identities yields linear combination of Lucas numbers.

Boy I should have looked earlier six months ago, but I am a bit of a dummy.

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Schiller needs a clue

He complains about secular stagnation being a rumor harming the market.

When a Stock Market Theory Is ContagiousSince Sept. 18, the stock market has fallen more than 6 percent. An abrupt decline last week — after five years of gains — prompted fears that the market may have reached a major turning point. Has a bear market begun? It’s a great question. The problem is that short-term market movements are extremely hard to forecast. But we live in the present and must try to understand what’s driving markets now, even if it’s much easier to predict their behavior over the long run. Fundamentally, stock markets are driven by popular narratives, which don’t need basis in solid fact. True or not, such stories may be described as “thought viruses.” When they are pernicious, they are analogous to the Ebola virus: They spread by contagion.
Here is the chart showing QE and the SP500.  The market needs to know if the Fed is making another QE run because the market has to hold the liquidity over the cycle. Secular stags means, Yes, the Fed will make another QE run.  No secular stagnations means the market will start the next business cycle with a correction.

It is not that difficult.